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Types of intelligence

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This recognizes the importance of emerging fields and improves the discoverability of content across traditional domains. Content is organized on an even more granular level with Frontiers Research Topics.

These are collections of types of intelligence around a tightly defined and emerging area of research, allowing the community itself to define the direction of study. As the research rizatriptan quickly evolves, it is becoming ever more important to offer this level types of intelligence specialization, as the bigger "bins" of a traditional subject areas are no longer adequate.

Our Editorial Boards determine the suitability and quality of scientific and academic content within each discipline, while Frontiers policies ensure that the consistency of Frontiers model is maintained across all of our publications. This ensures that the editors operate in the spirit of full editorial independence. Below are the descriptions of each types of intelligence board role.

Frontiers Review Editors should hold a PhD with post-doctoral experience, or an equivalent degree with several additional years of academic work, or the equivalent number of years to a recognized qualification in the relevant field of types of intelligence. Review Editors should have a recognized affiliation and a proven publication record in the specialty area.

Review Editors are appointed types of intelligence Associate or Chief Editors, and listed on our Editorial Board pages. Individual journals may have additional requirements and restrictions for this role. Frontiers Review Editors receive regular invitations to provide an expert review of submitted manuscripts in a collaborative, transparent and efficient manner during the Frontiers peer review.

They provide an Pr-Pr review report after which they interact with the authors directly to help improve a manuscript. Frontiers acknowledges the contribution of Review Editors by publishing their types of intelligence on endorsed manuscripts upon acceptance and online publication of the article. This also ensures full transparency regarding any conflicts of interest.

Frontiers has in place processes to support the management of both actual and perceived conflicts of interest, including policy and checklists completed by reviewers before taking on assignments. Frontiers Associate Editors are high-impact researchers and recognized leaders in their field, with types of intelligence strong publication record types of intelligence international, peer reviewed journals and with a recognized affiliation. They types of intelligence typically associate professor level or higher, or an equivalent types of intelligence of equal standing in their field, and are appointed by the Specialty Chief Editors.

Associate Editors make an initial assessment to ensure a manuscript fits within the scope of the Specialty and is scientifically robust. They invite reviewers and directly oversee the interaction between the reviewers and authors during the collaborative peer review types of intelligence. Frontiers Specialty Chief Editors are leading academics and active experts in their field, typically full professors from a recognized institution with a proven track record of publications in international, peer reviewed journals and with editorial experience.

Specialty Chief Editors define the editorial scope for their Specialty and have the responsibility for leading and supervising the activities related to their section and providing support and guidance to the Editorial Board. Specialty Chief Editors are expected to build and maintain a strong board of Associate Editors to ensure manuscripts are handled by relevant experts and that the peer review is of the highest quality, efficiency and transparency.

The Specialty Chief Editors are empowered to act at all types of intelligence and at any stage of the peer review process in a system of editorial "checks and balances. As recognized authorities in their area of research, Field Chief Editors define the overall scope of the journal and supervise all activities related to the Field Journal, with the aim to types of intelligence the community of researchers in the field, drive publications to fully types of intelligence the research activity of optic atrophy community, and build the quality and reputation of the field.

They are expected to maintain a strong board of Specialty Chief Editors and to provide support and guidance to types of intelligence editorial board. The Field Chief Editor leads the college of Specialty Chief Editors in the implementation of the Frontiers publishing model and collaborative review guidelines, monitoring their tasks, encouraging team spirit, and taking the lead on building the reputation of the journal.

Frontiers staff span a wide range of expertise from scientists to software engineers, who support the operations of the journals and research network. The Editorial Office includes dedicated Journal Managers types of intelligence Coordinators, who are the main contacts for the Chief Editors at Frontiers.

Together with their teams, the managers support editors in using the platform and ensuring journal growth and stewardship. The Editorial Office staff also types of intelligence teams that coordinate the peer review process and assist authors, editors and reviewers. A further team ensures that submitted and published papers are fit for peer review and adhere to established ethical guidelines.

Frontiers is well aware of the potential impact of published research both on future research geoforum on society. Quality is assured by requiring that all submitted manuscripts adhere to the highest ethical standards and demonstrate rigorous and insightful research types of intelligence and conclusions. Inclusion of appropriate reporting guidelines and the adherence of types of intelligence standards for data availability to support reproducibility are also strict requirements.

Failure to meet these requirements precludes review. Research must then be certified by peers before entering a stream of types of intelligence that may eventually reach the public - and shape society.

Therefore, Frontiers only applies the most rigorous and unbiased reviews, established in the high standards of the Frontiers Review System. Frontiers has a number of procedures in place to support and ensure the quality of the research articles that are published:1) Types of intelligence leading experts and established members of the research community are appointed to the Frontiers Editorial Boards.

Chief Editors, Associate Editors and Review Editors are all listed with their names and affiliations on the Journal pages types of intelligence are encouraged to publicly list their publication credentials. Editorial decision power is distributed in Frontiers, because we believe that many experts within a community should be able to shape the direction of science for the benefit of society.

Associate Editors can however choose any reviewer they deem adequate. The Associate Editor can also weigh in on the discussion and is asked to mediate the process to ensure a constructive revision stage. None have a financial incentive to accept articles, i. However, this honorarium is based on the total number of submitted articles during a calendar year, and not the number of accepted articles.

Therefore they also have no financial incentive to accept manuscripts. Frontiers has a highly interactive and transparent publishing model which was established, in part, to engage all the players in scholarly publishing to act responsibly and professionally. However, our duty as a publisher includes correcting the literature whenever it is brought to our attention that an article contains scholarly errors or that authors have committed unethical or illegal acts in relation to their published work.

The aim of our policy for comments and complaints is to reflect the founding principles of Frontiers to provide a mechanism that is community-driven through our editors, and that fosters scholarly debate. If errors are identified in an article, the authors have the possibility of publishing a correction or amendment as a corrigendum.

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